Archive | June 5, 2016

Increasing ash emissions at Kerinci volcano in Sumatra, Indonesia

Ash plume from Kerinci volcano this morning (PVMBG)
Ash emissions have increased at the volcano. The local observatory reported a plume of approx. 800 m rising from the summit vent and drifting west this morning.
Courtesy of

Tungurahua volcano might erupt again soon in Ecuador

Satellite image of Tungurahua volcano by (c) Google Earth View
The Geophysical Institute warned that a new eruptive phase might be in the making at the volcano, which is one of the world’s most active. Geophysical monitoring stations have been recording a significant, steady inflation (swelling) of the volcanic edifice. This is most likely a sign of new magma intruding at shallow depth. 
Seismic activity of the volcano has been generally low, with less than two earthquakes per day. Only some small earthquake swarms have been detected recently; such swarms are common in periods of quiescence and are associated with fluid movements within the volcano. Degassing of the volcano has also been at the lower end. However, this apparent calm could be deceiving: it might well be explained by a blockage of the conduit, not the absence of magma ready to erupt. 
The volcano has only been quiet since its last eruption in February-March this year, but its phases of calm have never lasted very long. In the last 8 years of activity, Tungurahua has had 15 similar quiet periods characterized by low seismic and degassing activity coupled with an inflationary deformation trend. 
In most cases, these quiet periods were followed by small to moderate eruptions, but sometimes also by violent, larger explosions. What makes it difficult for volcanologists to predict the next eruption is that clear precursory signs of new eruptions in the short term (hours to days) have only been detected in 20% of cases; many eruptions started very quickly at the volcano. In any case, based on the current seismic and geophysical observations and the volcano’s past behavior, a new eruption in the medium term (weeks to months) is considered very likely. 
According to IGEPN, the two most likely scenarios are:
1) A gradual awakening with mild to moderate strombolian activity, lava fountains and associated ash emissions that typically do not exceed 6 km height – examples include the eruptions in April-May 2011 , March 2013, April 2015. 
Main hazards near the volcano would be ballistic ejecta (blocks and volcanic bombs) and small pyroclastic flows that could reach a distance of 2.5 km from the crater. Small secondary lahars could be caused by the re-mobilization of eruptive material by rain and could again cut the road Baños-Penipe. This is considered the most likely development in the coming weeks / months. 
2) The second most likely scenario should also be taken into account as possibility: a violent, sudden vent-clearing explosion that could produce tall ash plumes – up to 10 km or more – and dangerous pyroclastic flows that reach the feet of the volcano and beyond. Ballistic ejecta and pyroclastic flows could impact areas in a radius of 5 km or more. 
Whether the volcano will erupt in the near future, and if so, which of the described scenarios it will follow is impossible to predict at the moment.
Courtesy of

Continuing lava flow on SE flank at Klyuchevskoy volcano in Kamchatka

Heat signal from Klyuchevskoy volcano (MIROVA)
The effusion of a lava flow on the southeastern flank of the volcano continues with little changes. A second flow branch has recently made its appearance. 
For now, no significant explosive activity is present, although this could of course change quickly (as often has in the past). A strong thermal signal is visible on satellite data.
Courtesy of



Kp Index is at level 5
Scale of G1


Power systems: weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft operations: minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Other systems: migratory animals are affected at this and higher levels

Kp Index NOAA 05.06.16  21.15 hrs UTC

Severe Turbulence Strikes Plane Injuring Many

Turbulence Alert

Up to 34 passengers and six crew members on a Malaysia Airlines flight from London have been hurt after a plane was hit by turbulence, according to reports.
The aircraft had 378 passengers on board at the time but managed to land safely at Kuala Lumpur.
The airline released a statement saying “some passengers suffered minor injuries”.
But a number of passengers affected said on social media they had gone to hospital as a result of what happened.
Images showed debris littering the aisle of the cabin, food trolleys upturned and seat fittings broken in the wake of the incident.
The Malaysia Airlines statement said: “Malaysia Airlines flight MH1 from London-Heathrow landed on time in Kuala Lumpur on Sunday 5 June.
“During the flight over the Bay of Bengal the passenger seatbelt light was switched on due to air turbulence. Due to a brief moment of severe turbulence some passengers suffered minor injuries.
“Medical crew and Malaysia Airlines senior management met the aircraft on arrival in Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA). A small number of affected passengers and crew have been treated by medical officers.
“Malaysia Airlines has assisted the 378 passengers and crew onboard MH1 and sincerely apologises for any inconvenience caused by this weather event which was entirely beyond our control.”
Harith Azman posted on Facebook: “I was one of the passenger in the plane and I think the pilot did the best they could to take us all home safely.
“My parents were in the toilet at that time and my father hit his head on the ceiling of the plane.
“The plane went into a very bad weather and cause the plane to free fall. The food weren’t served because the trolley was damaged.”
One of those who tweeted about what happened, Shafiq Shahril, said he was in hospital in Ampang, near Kuala Lumpur airport, more than four hours after the plane touched down.
Other tweeters and news sites, including Metro TV, said that the flight had requested medical assistance on arrival as 34 passengers and six crew had been injured.
New Straits Times reported that some people were claiming that four passengers and six crew were hurt.
BH Online carried a picture of what appeared to be a passenger on a stretcher being loaded into an ambulance.
The plane is believed to have been an Airbus A380, the biggest commercial airliner in use.
Courtesy of Sky News

Plane Crashes Into Cars Upon Take Off In Reading, UK

Plane collides with car
The plane after it collided with a car. Pic: Tadley Fire Station
A woman has been airlifted to hospital after a light plane crashed and collided with parked cars.
The female spectator, who is in her 60s, was injured when the Tiger Moth biplane came down and hit a car she was in and at least one more vehicle during a charity event.
The former RAF aircraft had just taken-off from the runway at the private Brimpton Airfield near Reading, Berkshire, before it crashed around 3pm.
Two male pilots, also in their 60s, suffered minor injuries and were able to get out of the plane.
The woman was taken to the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford by air ambulance – the charity which the event was raising money for.
Eugene Johnson, a member of the Brimpton Flying Club and retired fire officer, put on a fire-suit and helped tackle a small fuel leak from the plane.
He said: “A 2.55pm a silver Tiger Moth was leaving the airfield and crashed during take-off.
“The accident resulted in a spectator being injured and the two male occupants suffering minor injuries, but they evacuated the aircraft unaided.
“The Air Accident Investigation Branch were informed and the airfield was closed, pending an investigation.”
Mr Johnson said about 100 spectators were at the event.
He added: “Everybody is really disappointed because we go to a lot of lengths to make it a pleasurable and fun event.”
Thames Valley Police said officers “were called to an event at Brimpton airstrip at Wasing Lane, Aldermaston, just before 3pm today following a report of a collision between a light aircraft as it was taking off and an unoccupied parked car”.
“The plane also made contact with another vehicle, causing a female occupant to be injured.
“The pilot and his male passenger suffered minor injuries which were treated at the scene while the woman was airlifted to hospital.”
Courtesy of Sky News



***BE ALERT***

Magnetogram 05.06.16  19.13 hrs UTC

Huge Wildfire Causes Thousands To Flee Including Upmarket Homeowners In California, USA

The fires all merged in the Calabasas area, causing one massive blaze, dubbed the 'Old Fire'. Thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes
Thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes and celebrities have been sharing pictures of billowing smoke as a wildfire tears through southern California.
Kim Kardashian and Kanye West left their Calabasas home on Friday just before a third-alarm brush fire sparked up on Saturday in the area and Kylie Jenner shared photos of smoke on social media.
As that fire started three others broke out in southern California, NBC 4 reported, burning 200 acres of land and threatening 3,000 homes.
‘Three thousand homes are evacuated, which is about 5,000 people,’ Tony Coroalles, city manager of Calabasas, told CNN.
The fire forced mandatory evacuations in the Highlands, Eddingham and Adamsville neighborhoods, fire officials said.
But as night fell on the area and temperatures cooled, it was reported about 15 per cent of the fire had been contained.
Firefighters approach a brush in the foothills outside of Calabasas on Saturday, as the fast-moving brush fire swept through hills northwest of downtown Los Angeles
Courtesy of



Kp Index is at level 5
Scale of G1


Power systems: weak power grid fluctuations can occur.
Spacecraft operations: minor impact on satellite operations possible.
Other systems: migratory animals are affected at this and higher levels

Kp Index NOAA 05.06.16  15.30 hrs UTC


Subject To Change

Depth: 428 km

Distances: 132.0 km (82.0 mi) SW of Leksula, Indonesia
299.0 km (185.8 mi) WSW of Ambon, Indonesia
348.0 km (216.2 mi) E of Katabu, Indonesia
350.0 km (217.5 mi) ENE of Baubau, Indonesia
438.0 km (272.2 mi) N of Dili, East Timor


Intensity Map