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Hundreds of buffaloes drown in Botswana

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300+ animals dead due to flooding in a national park in Assam, India

The Assam floods have brought nothing except bad news for the entire country. While over 300 people have been killed in the fresh wave of floods, animals have been the worst sufferers here. Due to flooding in the Kaziranga National Park, around 330 animals have lost their lives.
 
Two successive waves of floods have wreaked havoc over the state of Assam bringing nothing except misery for the residents. As per reports, the casualties includes 250 various species of deer, 22 rhinoceros, a tiger, four wild boars, along with many buffaloes as well as elephants. Not only this, at least 30 percent of Kaziranga remains submerged even now.
 
Two successive wave of floods had caused the Kaziranga massacre. In fact, in the second wave of floods in August, the levels of water had risen to about 10 feet wherein it had become quite a task to catch and save the animals. In the first wave of floods itself, than 100 animals had been killed.
 
Not only this, the infrastructure at the National Park has suffered immense damage as well. Along with anti poaching camps, many of wooden bridges have also been badly damaged along with a few even being washed away.
 
While rainfall activity has witnessed a decrease, it will take a while for the life of people in Assam to come back to normal as many areas continue to remain inundated.
Courtesy of skymetweather.com

Hundreds, maybe thousands of cattle dead from flooding in Gujarat, India

Khriya one the worst flood-hit villages in Thara taluka of Banaskantha, from where bodies of 17 members of a family were pulled out of 2-3 ft of sludge early this week, is like a ticking time bomb waiting to explode.
 
People here fear of an epidemic outbreak as hundreds of dead cattle are still lying unattended, some on the roof tops, outskirts of the village and in nearby farms.
 
The stench from the already decayed carcasses has become unbearable and villagers have been left to fend for themselves with very little support from the district administration.
 
Khariya sarpanch Indrasinh Vaghela said not less than 1,500 cattle carcasses were lying in the village and near by fields. He fears that more dead cattle could be lying in other farms, which are still inaccessible due to flood waters and thick layers of muck.
 
“The flood waters were so fierce that the buffaloes were flung over the rooftops. When we returned after the waters receded, we found dead cattle everywhere, some were lying on rooftops and in fields. The district authorities have provided couple of earthmovers, but they are inadequate. The carcasses have decayed so much that if you try to lift it by earthmovers, it breaks off,” Vaghela told TOI adding, “We fear that that this could lead to epidemic outbreak in the village.” Another villager Vanraj Thakore, wading through ankle-deep muck in his house, said he lost two of his buffaloes. “We have got little help from the government in removing the dead animals. The carcasses are in such huge numbers that it is virtually impossible for us to remove it ourselves,” Vanraj said.
 
When contacted Banaskantha district collector Dilip Kumar Rana said they have already disposed over 2,500 dead cattle from flood affected villages. He also assured that if there are dead animal still in the village, he would send teams to dispose it off immediately.
Courtesy of timesofindia.indiatimes.com
 

Hundreds of wild animals, including buffaloes and impalas have died in Laikipia County, Kenya

Vets have ruled out an anthrax outbreak in Laikipia County where a suspected zoonotic disease has killed wild animals in the region.
 
Hundreds of wild animals among them buffaloes, impalas and other herbivores have died in conservancies and ranches in the last two weeks.
 
Conservancy owners believe the disease must have been brought in and circulated across the expansive ranches and conservancies by animals belonging to illegal herders who invaded their farms mid-2016.
 
“We have no reason not to believe that the disease was brought in by the herders,” said Josh Perrett.
Courtesy of kenyannews.co.ke

8,900+ Buffalo and cows killed by cold in Northern Vietnam

Livestock Alert

According to data of the Department of livestock (Ministry of agriculture and rural development) updated to 17 hour days 28/1, medium bold, damaging frosts have made the cattle 8913 in the mountains of the North and North-Central death. 
 
Specifically, the Son La is the number of local cattle damage with 2756 children; 09. child 982; Quảng Ninh 841 children; Lao Cai 679.
 
To strengthen prevention, remedial and recovery livestock development after disaster, livestock Bureau recommended the Department of agriculture and rural development of the province, affected cities to focus on directing and applied to malaria malaria prevention, harm, to minimize the extent of the damage for the livestock sector; election missions go direct, guide, inspect, urge the prevention, combating hunger, malaria and relocate to places where pets stay insulate. 
 
Besides, the local direction of the specialized agencies, check, farmers guide updated happenings of local weather, timely and regular information on the mass media to farmers know, not subjective and passive.
 
Department of livestock suggest actively use local backup budget to timely serve the prevention, malaria prevention and malaria, bold remedial after wet weather; the direction of local government is responsible for the full statistics of the number of livestock, poultry, aquatic products and damage done in time for the production of prescribed to restore production of the disaster.
 
Department of livestock also asked the local focus guide farmers exploit, take full advantage of available food resources in place to provide enough food for cattle in the wet weather; restricted cattle leash on malaria especially in these bold, medium, advanced to controlled breeding; make detoxification disinfecting, the risk of disease outbreaks may simultaneously recommend that after people harm malaria malaria, bold about the risk the disease could break out in due time the medium decreases the resistance to disease of cattle.
 
In addition, the required local livestock recovery plan after malaria, malaria; There are plans to offer the same, manufacturing, food, cages, supplies reinforced the vet … for farmers to livestock development and recovery after disasters.
Courtesy of vietnamplus.vn

300+ Buffaloes, plus Rhinos, Giraffes and other animals dead from outbreak of disease in Lake Nakuru National Park, Kenya, Africa

Livestock Alert

In an update on the anthrax update at Lake Nakuru National Park in Kenya from July, Dr Kisa J. Z. Juma Ngeiywa, CVO Director of Veterinary Services with the Ministry of Agriculture in Nairobi reported to the World Organisation for Animal Health that the outbreak is ongoing and the number of animals affected has increased.
 
Ngeiywa notes the number of dead Cape buffaloes due to anthrax in Lake Nakuru National Park has reached 300. The park has a buffalo population of 4,500.
 
In addition, a number of other animals have been affected to include rhinos, Rothschild giraffes, elands, impalas, warthogs and Thomson gazelles.
 
Officials report the source of the outbreak is contact with infected animal(s) at grazing/watering near the lake shore, watering holes and the fence line since mid-July.
 
Kenya has applied the following measures to help contain the outbreak: Movement control inside the country, disinfection / disinfestation, quarantine, surveillance outside containment and/or protection zone, official disposal of carcasses, by-products and waste and surveillance within containment and/or protection zone.
 
According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, Anthrax is a zoonotic disease caused by the sporeforming bacterium Bacillus anthracis. Anthrax is most common in wild and domestic herbivores (eg, cattle, sheep, goats, camels, antelopes) but can also be seen in humans exposed to tissue from infected animals, contaminated animal products or directly to B anthracis spores under certain conditions.
 
Depending on the route of infection, host factors, and potentially strain-specific factors, anthrax can have several different clinical presentations. In herbivores, anthrax commonly presents as an acute septicemia with a high fatality rate, often accompanied by hemorrhagic lymphadenitis.
 
B. anthracis spores can remain ineffective in soil for many years. During this time, they are a potential source of infection for grazing livestock. Grazing animals may become infected when they ingest sufficient quantities of these spores from the soil.In addition to direct transmission, biting flies may mechanically transmit B. anthracis spores from one animal to another.
 
People can get anthrax by handling contaminated animal or animal products, consuming undercooked meat of infected animals and more recently, intentional release of spores.
Courtesy of outbreaknewstoday.com

100+ Buffaloes and 2 Rhinos dead from outbreak of disease in Lake Nakuru National Park, Kenya

Rhinoceros/  U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Rhinoceros/ U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Agriculture officials in Nakuru County, Kenya are investigating an anthrax outbreak that has killed scores of animals at  Lake Nakuru National Park.
 
According to local media, more than one hundred buffaloes and two rhinos have died in the past five days.
 
In addition, officials have killed animals suspected of having the lethal bacterial disease. Bacillus anthracis, the agent of anthrax, was confirmed by Kenya Wildlife Service veterinarians at the Lake Nakuru National Park.
 
Nakura County Executive for Agriculture Dr. Stanley Chepkwony said, “We are also warning people not to come into contact with these animals or their meat products.”
 
Anthrax is a bacterial pathogen in livestock and wild animals. Some of the more common herbivores are cattle, sheep,goats, horses, camels and deers. Anthrax is a very serious disease of livestock because it can potentially cause the rapid loss of a large number of animals in a very short time. Affected animals are often found dead with no illness detected.
 
It infects humans primarily through occupational or incidental exposure with infected animals of their skins.
 
Anthrax is caused by the bacterium, Bacillus anthracis. This spore forming bacteria can survive in the environment for years because of its ability to resist heat, cold, drying, etc.  This is usually the infectious stage of anthrax.
 
When conditions become favorable, the spores germinate into colonies of bacteria. An example would be a grazing cow ingests spores that in the cow, germinate, grow spread and eventually kill the animal.
 
The bacteria will form spores in the carcass and then return to the soil to infect other animals. The vegetative form is rarely implicated in transmission.  Strict enforcement of quarantines and proper burning and burying of carcasses from livestock suspected to have died from anthrax is important to prevent further soil contamination with the bacterial spores.
 
There are no reports of person-to-person transmission of anthrax. People get anthrax by handling contaminated animal or animal products, consuming undercooked meat of infected animals and more recently, intentional release of spores.
 
There are three types of human anthrax with differing degrees of seriousness: cutaneous, gastrointestinal and inhalation.
Courtesy of outbreaknewstoday.com

‘Scores’ Of Buffaloes Dead From ‘Mystery Disease’ During Past Few Weeks In Rewari, India

Hundreds of villagers today blocked traffic on Kund-Dahina road near Mandola village here after four buffaloes died of a mysterious disease, demanding that other sick animals be provided treatment free of charge.

The villagers said the four buffaloes died last night at Mandola village.

Scores of buffaloes had died of a mysterious disease at Zenabad, Dahina and neighbouring villages of the district in the past three weeks, but the Veterinary Department had not yet been able to identify the disease and provide treatment, they claimed.

The road blockade, which lasted for several hours, was withdrawn after the SDO of the Animal Husbandry Department, Nasib Singh, assured the villagers of speedy and free treatment of sick animals.

http://tinyurl.com/nl7p9l2

Hundreds Of Buffalo Die Suddenly In South Kalimantan, Indonesia

Hundreds of residents buffalo herds Hulu Sungai Selatan , South Kalimantan , were killed suddenly .

The phenomenon , exactly happened on buffalo herds that were in Central Bajayau Swamp Village , District of West Daha , Hulu Sungai Selatan .

Supposedly buffalo breeders , the phenomenon was caused by the dumped waste PT Subur Agro Makmur ( SAM ) directly to the Nagara River .

Moreover , there are no boundaries between the land of palm PT SAM with a buffalo rancher in Central Bejayau village .

The flow of water is discharged directly into the River Country , suspected to be the cause of pollution in the region and resulted in hundreds of head of cattle owned by residents dead swamp buffaloes .

H Shamsuddin , representatives swamp buffalo breeders in Bejayau old said , before the PT SAM ” master ” Middle Bejayau area , six groups of farmers have 600 swamp buffaloes .

However , as the planting of palm , 450 tail off or forced to die . Now live 150 alive

Residents filed a claim for compensation to the PT SAM at Rp3 , 760 billion . The demand was conveyed 139 residents who are members of group 6 . ” That’s per tail 7 million , ” he explained .

He said in 2010, many children were dead swamp buffalo and ooze pus in the eyes . Whereas previously had never happened , he was reported to PT SAM , but no response.

http://www.tribunnews.com/regional/2013/11/15/ratusan-kerbau-di-hulu-sungai-selatan-mati-mendadak