South Korea on Wednesday confirmed two additional cases of African swine fever near its border with North Korea despite heightened efforts to contain the epidemic that has wiped out pig populations across Asia.
The Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs said lab tests confirmed the country’s 10th and 11th cases of the disease at two farms in Paju, a border town where the first infection was confirmed on Sept. 17.
Officials have been scrambling to halt the spread of the disease, disinfecting farms, trucks and roads, banning livestock movement and destroying some 93,500 pigs. They plan to slaughter at least 17,000 more pigs, including the animals at farms within a 3-kilometer (2-mile) radius of the two Paju farms were infections were newly confirmed.
The illness is harmless to humans but highly fatal for pigs. There is no effective vaccine or treatment.
Courtesy of washingtonpost.com
Whole pig farms had to be killed due to the suspicion of African swine fever, but the information provided to pig keepers is incomplete.
On Monday afternoon, we received an answer from the National Food Chain Safety Authority (Nebih) asking how many domestic pigs had to be killed so far due to African swine fever. A previously published report from hvg.hu revealed that authorities are not giving much thought to the fact that even if there is any suspicion that a virus has appeared in a pig farm , they will immediately order the killing of the herd.
As we have reported, stakeholders do not have all the information, and there is great uncertainty and mistrust of the authorities due to full information. We know from professional circles that the rules applicable in the epidemiological situation allow information to be limited, for example, they do not have to tell the authorities the reason for killing the animals, although this has been refuted by our Nebih question. When asked on Friday how many animals had to be killed so far, the Office responded on Monday stating that they had to kill five thousand domestic pigs so far.
Courtesy of hvg.hu
The Philippines has reported its first cases of African swine fever, becoming the latest country hit by the disease that has killed pigs from Slovakia to China, pushing up pork prices worldwide.
The virus is not harmful to humans but causes haemorrhagic fever in pigs that almost always ends in death. There is no antidote or vaccine and the only known method to prevent the disease from spreading is a mass cull of affected livestock.
Over the last year ASF has spread rapidly in Asia. The first official outbreak was in China in August 2018, but it has since spread to Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia, Mongolia and North Korea.
The Philippine outbreak began with the identification of infected pigs in two towns near the Philippine capital, Manila, and authorities have culled more than 7,000 pigs within a one-kilometre (0.6-mile) radius, said the agriculture minister, William Dar.
He said the country was not facing an epidemic and urged Filipinos to continue eating pork, which is a critical market and accounts for 60% of meat consumption in the Philippines.
The Asian country is the world’s eighth biggest pork producer by volume and its swine industry is estimated at 260bn pesos (£4bn), according to the agriculture department.
Dar said 14 of 20 samples sent to a UK laboratory tested positive for African swine fever, but it would take a week to confirm how virulent the strain is.
The virus was first recorded in Rodriguez town, six miles east of Manila. Other undisclosed areas are being closely monitored for possible infection, he added.
Courtesy of theguardian.com
Vietnam has culled about 4.7 million pigs to contain an outbreak of African swine fever that has spread to all 63 provinces in the Southeast Asian country, an official said on Friday.
The disease first detected in February has been hard to contain because there is no vaccine, said Pham Van Dong, head of the Animal Health Department.
“We have culled around 4.7 million pigs and, as you can see, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development has confirmed that the outbreak has now spread to all 63 provinces and cities,” Dong told Reuters.
Pork accounts for three-quarters of total meat consumption in Vietnam, a country of 96 million people where most of its farm-raised pigs are consumed domestically.
Vietnam’s pig herd at end July was down 18.5% to 22.2 million pigs since December.
The pork industry is valued at 94 trillion dong ($4 billion) a year, or nearly 10% of the country’s agricultural sector.
Farm hygiene is the best way to protect the pig herd, deputy agriculture minister Phung Duc Tien told the Ho Chi Minh City Law newspaper.
“Applying biosecurity in farming will help meet domestic demand for pork through the end of this year and help keep consumer prices under control,” Tien was quoted as saying.
African swine fever was first detected in Asia last year in China, the world’s largest pork producer. China’s pig herd shrank by 32.2% in July from the same month a year ago.
Courtesy of reuters.com
African swine fever has wiped out a third of China’s pig population. Now government officials are discussing dramatic steps to stabilize the world’s largest pork market.
Pork is a huge deal in China. The country is home to half of all the pigs on the planet. The meat is a staple of the Chinese diet, which means its scarcity could damage China’s social stability. The outbreak of swine fever also threatens to upend the global pork supply chain.
While Chinese authorities have already made plans to shore up the pig market — including subsidies for pig farms and families who may struggle with soaring prices — they’re stepping up efforts to deal with the crisis.
The price retailers pay for pork has spiked nearly 70% in the last year. And the average price that wholesalers pay suppliers was up 90% in the last week of August compared to a year ago, according to government data. Analysts say prices could yet go even higher.
The government on Wednesday announced more measures to encourage pig farmers and producers to breed more hogs. But they may need to go even further to plug the supply gap.
Authorities have pledged to release the government’s emergency reserves of frozen pig meat if necessary. Ministry of Commerce spokesman Gao Feng said last week that the agency will “closely monitor market developments” before it makes such a decision.
It’s difficult to overstate the scale of the problem. As of July, China had lost more than 100 million pigs in the last year, according data released Tuesday by the country’s agricultural ministry.
Courtesy of edition.cnn.com
Nearly 100,000 pigs will be culled after an African swine fever (ASF) outbreak was detected at one of Ukraine’s biggest pig farms, the Ukrainian state food safety service said on Wednesday.
This outbreak affects 1.6% of Ukraine’s pig herd and could become the worst ever in the country, Reuters reports. The largest case to date, that resulted in 60,000 culled pigs, took place in 2015 in the Kiev region.
On Aug. 18, the ASF-infected pigs were discovered at the Halychyna Zahid agriculture firm in western Ukraine’s Lviv region. The company’s Facebook page confirmed the outbreak, but it did not respond to requests for further comment, Reuters reports.
For years, Ukraine has been trying to overcome the fatal disease that has no cure or vaccine. The ASF virus is highly contagious among pigs but is not dangerous to humans and poses no food safety risk.
Since 2017, Ukraine has detected 351 cases of ASF, and 72,226 pigs have been culled.
Courtesy of porkbusiness.com
Bulgaria has detected another outbreak of African swine fever at a pig breeding farm near the north eastern city of Ruse, after the deadly virus was discovered earlier this month, the food safety agency said on Wednesday.
That was the 19th case in pigs in farms or backyards.
“Another outbreak was detected at a large industrial farm in the village of Brashlеn with over 40,000 pigs,” said Alexandra Miteva, a senior official for the food safety authority.
She said all pigs on the holding would be culled.
The Balkan country had reported on Saturday the first outbreak at an industrial farm, at another pig breeding farm also near Ruse. All pigs at that farm in the village of Nikolovo were culled.
Courtesy of reuters.com
Big losses unprecedented, the budget is exhausted
The latest statistics from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development show that, until now, cholera pig in Africa (DTLCP) has been discharged at 5,422 communes, 513 districts of 62 provinces and cities; The total number of infected pigs must be destroyed is 3.3 million. Currently, only the whole province of Ninh Thuan has no DTLCP disease yet.
It is worrisome that 106 communes of 22 provinces and cities have epidemics that have passed over 30 days but then the disease has returned.
Also according to the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Red River Delta is also heavily damaged by African cholera epidemic, many localities lose up to 30-40% of the total herd, the reserve budget for the epidemic prevention has been exhausted. .
At the meeting of DTLCP, the Minister of Agriculture and Rural Development Nguyen Xuan Cuong admitted that no epidemics have caused great harm, making it difficult to deal with such epidemics. There are also no types of epidemics for production, but the political system must take part, to constantly change the direction, the localities create and adjust themselves to deal with the disease.
Mr. Cuong also said that DTLCP had 160 official days since the first outbreak appeared in Hung Yen. Up to now, the damage has been extremely heavy, greatly affecting people’s livelihood, because the livestock industry in our country is mainly small-scale farmers. That is not to mention the cost of prevention and destruction of sick pigs.
“There are provinces that use the entire reserve budget to support but only meet a small part of the damage caused by this disease.” Mr. Cuong commented, the development has not stopped, must determine living with this disease.
Courtesy of cafef.vn
Laos has reported its first cases of African swine fever (ASF), confirming outbreaks in the southern province of Saravane, the Paris-based World Organisation for Animal Health (OIE) said on Thursday.
The southeast Asian country reported seven outbreaks of ASF in villages in Saravane, which led to the deaths of 973 animals, the OIE said on its website, citing information from Laos’ agriculture ministry.
The disease, which is incurable in pigs but harmless to humans, has spread rapidly across China since last August and also spread this year in Vietnam.
China, home to the world’s largest pig herd, has so far reported over 120 outbreaks of ASF.
Courtesy of reuters.com
Vietnam culled a further 500,000 pigs over the past two weeks to tackle an oubreak of African swine fever, taking the total killed so far to 1.7 million, or 5% of the country’s herd, the agriculture ministry said on Monday.
Pork accounts for three-quarters of total meat consumption in Vietnam, a country of 95 million people where most of its 30 million farm-raised pigs are consumed domestically.
The virus, first detected in the Southeast Asian country in February, has spread to 42 of the country’s 63 provinces, the agriculture ministry’s Livestock Production Department said in a statement on its website.
“The African swine fever outbreak is the most dangerous and costly of its kind in the husbandry industry of Vietnam,” agriculture minister Nguyen Xuan Cuong said in the statement.
“Though the virus first appeared nearly 100 years ago, there has been no vaccine and no medicine for treating the disease”.
China, the world’s largest pork producer, which has also been hit by the virus, said on Friday it will start work on clinical trials of a vaccine for African swine fever, which is fatal to animals but not harmful to humans.
Courtesy of reuters.com