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Hundreds of pigs dead from disease in various provinces of Vietnam

06.01.19 dead pigs in vietnam

The government warned about both foot-and-mouth disease and bird flu … There are 24 foot and mouth outbreaks in 6 provinces and cities.

While Nhan Dan newspaper talked about these two epidemics in Kon Tum, the VNA newsletter said about Hanoi, Bac Ninh, Hoa Binh and Ha Nam, …

Nhan Dan newspaper reported that on January 3, SDAH Kon Tum province confirmed, currently in Kon Tum province, there are three districts that have foot and mouth disease (FMD) in pigs and avian influenza A / H5N6 are Dak Ha district, Dak To district and Ngoc Hoi district with thousands of birds and hundreds of infected pigs were destroyed.

Previously, from December 28, 2016 to January 2, 2016, the local veterinary service detected FMD outbreaks in pigs in two households in hamlet 1B, Dak La commune, Dak Ha district and six households. Other livestock belonging to Block 5, Block 6, Block 8, City block 10 Dak To town, Dak To district. In Ngoc Hoi district, there are more than two thousand birds of a livestock household in Ngoc Hai village, Bo Y commune infected with influenza A / H5N6 virus.

Mr. Le Duc Hung, Head of Dak To District Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station, confirmed that FMD has appeared 4/11 city blocks. In addition to the weather factor, the main cause of the occurrence of FMD outbreaks in the province is mainly due to vaccination. Currently, due to small-scale animal husbandry, most pig farmers are difficult households, pigs of these households are only vaccinated against cholera according to the State’s support program, and diseases most of them are not vaccinated, so the risk of outbreaks is very high.

Also in Dak To district, through inspection at the Centralized Slaughtering Center of the district, the Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Station of this district discovered eight porkers of the Purchasing Center waiting for slaughtering infected with FMD. Although these pigs have been recorded and destroyed, people in Dak To town are worried that this is one of the causes of FMD outbreaks in the area because at present, the Cattle Slaughter Center of the district Dak To is a place to supply pork for most people in the town and surrounding communes.

Courtesy of vietbao.com

https://tinyurl.com/y8jkfoxb

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1.35 Million farmed Salmon died during 6 months, due to disease, in Macquarie Harbour, Australia

Fish Kill Alert

After it is revealed more than a million farmed fish died within six months in Macquarie Harbour, one salmon company effectively says “we told you so”, another says the dead fish were “replaced quickly” and the third says it has no obligation to detail its losses to the public.

Tasmania’s Environment Protection Authority (EPA) confirmed 1.35 million salmon died in Macquarie Harbour on Tasmania’s west coast since last October.

An area management agreement report provided by Huon Aquaculture, Petuna and Tassal found the deaths were mainly due to an outbreak of pilchard orthomyxovirus (POMV), transferred from wild populations.

That report had not been made available to the public.

EPA director Wes Ford told ABC Hobart the 2017 “mixing of young fish with old fish” could exacerbate the likelihood of disease in the population.

“POMV can be exacerbated by stress caused by heat, low oxygen, and I think this summer we’ve seen some elevated temperatures and clearly some concerns about oxygen.”

He confirmed the EPA would be reducing Macquarie Harbour’s biomass limit by 21 per cent over the next two years, from 12,000 tonnes to 9,500 tonnes.

Courtesy of abc.net.au

https://tinyurl.com/ycb4ebrc

Scores of Dolphin Deaths Have Scientists Baffled in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Since late last year, four or five dolphin carcasses have beached in Brazil each day. Scientists have confirmed that a virus is to blame, but the mortalities still have conservationists baffled.
 
The Associated Press reports more than 130 gray dolphins have washed up in the Bay of Sepetiba, a coastal area about 45 miles west of Rio de Janeiro, since late November. Another 40 dolphin carcasses were found on the neighboring island of Ilha Grande. Combined, that’s more than 20 percent of the area’s known dolphin population, which, at an estimated 800, may be the highest concentration of the species in the world.
 
Local conservation NGOs like the Boto Cinza Institute and SOS Botos have examined the carcasses’ skin, blood, and bones under the suspicion that a bacterium or virus was to blame. The School of Oceanography at the State University of Rio de Janeiro confirmed that cetacean morbillivirus, which can infect dolphins, porpoises, and whales, killed the marine mammals.
 
But scientists aren’t sure what caused the outbreak, or how long it might last. They are still trying to determine other reasons for the dolphin die-off.
 
The virus attacks the animals’ immune systems, resulting in skin lesions, pneumonia, and different types of infections. Boto Cinza Institute chief coordinator Leonardo Flach told StoryTrender in early January that if a pathogen-related disease was diagnosed, 70 to 80 percent of the population could die. Cetacean mirbillivirus can spread between animals through inhalation or contact. Often living in pods of up to 200 individuals, dolphins have close relationships, and a contagious illness could be devastating.
 
“One day we will find dolphin corpses that are male and adults, and the next day, female and [young]. But most of them are skinny and with deep skin lesions,” Flach tells ABC News.
 
In the northeastern United States, strains of morbillivirus killed harbor seals in 2006 and bottlenose dolphins between 1987 and 1988. The disease caused more dolphin die-offs in the Gulf of Mexico in 1992 and 1994. There have been no documented cased of morbillivirus in people, or in the fish or shellfish we might eat.
 
Gray dolphins are listed as data deficient, but Flach says the species should be considered endangered. In the past, the mortality rate of the area’s gray dolphins was about five each month, attributed to overfishing and chemical pollution. In 2016, 69 of the marine mammals were reported dead and in 2010, 32 dolphins were found dead.
 
Flach says areas surrounding Rio de Janeiro are very polluted and illegal dolphin hunting is rampant. The Bay of Sepetiba is bordered by condominiums, shipyards, and ports, but it’s unclear how the development could be affecting the marine mammals.
 
“They are an endangered species,” Flach says, “but with now this unknown disease, we hope to be able to put more pressure on the officials to help us to save the dolphins.”
Courtesy of news.nationalgeographic.com

Massive die off of catfish in the Yangtze River in China

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The incidence of catfish catfish from March 18 from the sporadic death, to the late April incidence increased, the rapid growth of death, there have been 300 acres of ponds died every day 100,000 kilograms of cases, the peak of Dafeng, Sheyang, etc. The amount of dead fish per day more than 120 million pounds. 
 
Since mid-March in Jiangsu coastal catfish catfish disease since the efforts in many efforts, has come up with the prevention and treatment programs, and achieved good results, but on May 17 received the phone on the farmers, told the breeding of the channel catfish died The amount of the last few days from 100 per day to three thousand tail, I think it is necessary for the recent catfish channel for the prevention and treatment of the case to sum up, to the farmers a little reference. 
 
Channel catfish domestic consumer market is becoming more mature, the price tends to be stable, and there is considerable profit margins, in this context, Jiangsu coastal farming area gradually expanded in Yancheng formed about 40,000 acres of aquaculture concentrated area, mainly in the Dafeng’s deer fishery, Shanghai farm, Jianfeng farm, Sheyang’s Linhai farm, Sheyang salt field, Nanjing military area non-staple food base and so on. Recently the area of ​​the catfish has occurred in an acute, serious loss of disease, a large amount of death, so many farmers lose confidence.
Courtesy of shuichan.cc

2,200 reindeer to be killed due to disease in Nordfjella, Norway

In a controversial decision, Norway’s agriculture minister has said he would have 2,200 wild reindeer killed in the country’s southern mountain region of Nordfjella in an attempt to stop chronic wasting disease, public broadcaster NRK reported Monday.
 
“It is perhaps the hardest decision I have taken as minister for agriculture and I am sure many will question it,” Jon Georg Dale was quoted as saying.
 
Dale is acting on the advice of the Norwegian Food Safety Authority who told his ministry to quickly slaughter all reindeer in Nordfjella to stop the spread of the illness, NRK reported.
 
“This is a difficult decision, because we know that we are most likely to get new reindeer with the disease. It is, however, still necessary to eradicate the infection in the area,” he said.
 
The minister emphasized that the professional advice from the Norwegian Food Safety Authority, the Norwegian Veterinary Institute and the Norwegian Scientific Committee for Food Safety was so clear that he believed it was an unavoidable decision.
 
“I have had a meeting with all three of the agencies more than once to make sure there are no other options,” Dale said.
 
The three agencies wrote that the chance of successfully eliminating the disease would be significantly reduced if the slaughter had not been completed within a year.
 
The exterminations will probably start during summer this year, he announced.
 
“I will not, finally, conclude how we choose to do this. It is possible to look into several ways, either with hunting, combining hunting and mobile slaughterhouse, or just the last,” Dale said.
 
In addition, a concrete plan must be prepared as to how to reconstruct the wild reindeer herd as quickly as possible.
 
The wild reindeer herd in Nordfjella consists of an estimated 2,200 animals, which makes up 10 percent of the Norwegian wild reindeer herd.
 
Chronic wasting disease was detected last year in three wild reindeer in Nordfjella and in two moose in the county of South Trondelag. There are no other known cases of the disease in Europe.
Courtesy of news.xinhuanet.com